The vision of the Dalton Plan in a contemporary educational system
In the 21st century the Dalton Plan is a source of changes, reforms in the field of educational system, its organization, program process, textbooks and didactic means. All changes and innovations are aimed at improving the quality of the education process. In this context, the pedagogy of the Dalton Plan in education of the twenty-first century ought to be considered. The Dalton plan plays an important role in the designing and implementation of all innovativeness, it is an important category of an innovative approach to the education process. According to the authors of the lexicon, it can be generally stated that” the Dalton School is a social institution, and at the same time the basic organizational unit of the educational system, whose mission is to educate responsible, independent children and young people". In contrast, the pedagogy of the Dalton plan can be understood in a broad and narrow sense. In broad terms it will be assumed that "every man has the creative abilities understood as the creation of works of art, technical, scientific and social activity, as well as the creation of itself. Therefore, it is an action leading to educate creative, innovative, and socially intelligent citizens. In a narrow sense, we understand it as a valuable and still innovative educational process, aimed at socializing young people. However, it needs to be remembered that the educational process is not only a law, textbooks or a curriculum. Education is primarily a process between students and teachers. For student, it is the teacher who creates the educational process. Also for Helen Parkhurst the teacher is a wizard of a school reality. Based on the analysis of these concepts, it can be generally stated that the modern Dalton school is the educational institution, which trains and educates children and young people in an innovative way. The overriding assumptions and objectives of the Dalton school were disseminated by many educators, including Dewey and Rowid. According to the definition of Rowid, the Dalton school is one in which the personal potential of the student is liberated, enriching and improving the life of the individual, and thus the whole society. The goal of the school is "raising a man who can create a better future, a perfect world and a more beautiful life". Rowid emphasizes several important factors that stimulate the activity of the Dalton school, they are: independent acquisition of knowledge and skills, promoting health and physical fitness, taking into account social factors, displaying beauty, assertiveness expressed in the form of words, gestures, drawing, and the ability to self-education and self-improvement, individualization of the educational process, cooperation, responsibility and independence. Therefore, it needs to be claimed that the main subject in the Dalton school is a pupil and teacher - a secondary subject that supports the student's work. The Dalton plan , however, refers to the quality of both teacher's and student's work.